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treatment for swollen gums

What is the treatment for swollen gums?


In this article, we will discuss the causes and treatment of swollen gums. We will tell you why gums swell and what is done for its treatment. Swollen gums are a common problem associated with pain, dryness, infection, and bad breath in people’s mouths. This problem can arise from various causes, but it is also possible to find solutions. All these problems are attributed to improper eating and drinking habits, tobacco use, and sensitive oral health. Good oral hygiene, regular dental check-ups, and a healthy diet help prevent and reduce gum swelling in many cases.

Causes of Swollen ums

Swollen gums refer to a condition where the gum tissue becomes enlarged or puffy. It occurs due to various reasons, including:

It is one of the most common causes of swollen gums. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that results from the buildup of plaque on the teeth.

If gum swelling is not treated, it progresses to periodontitis, which is a more serious gum disease. Periodontitis causes even more gum inflammation and can lead to gum recession, as well as damage to the teeth and bones.

Gum infection, whether bacterial or viral, leads to gum inflammation and discomfort.

Hormonal changes:
Hormonal fluctuations cause swelling and sensitivity in the gums.

Some medications cause swelling of the gums. For example, some antihypertensive drugs and antisecretory drugs have this effect.

Nutritional deficiency:
Deficiency of essential nutrients like vitamin C can be a cause of gum swelling along with other gum problems.

Allergic reactions to toothpaste, mouthwash, or even some food items can cause swelling of the gums.

Trauma or injury:
Physical trauma to the gum tissue, such as accidentally cutting your gums or using a toothbrush with hard bristles, can cause gum swelling.

Systemic health status:
Some medical conditions like diabetes, leukemia, or autoimmune disorders affect gum health and cause swelling.

Poor oral hygiene:
Inadequate brushing and flossing lead to the formation of plaque and tartar, which irritate the gums and cause swelling.

Tobacco use:
Smoking or chewing tobacco contributes to gum problems, including swelling of the gums.

Treatment for Swollen Gums

Swollen gums, also known as gum swelling, can occur due to various reasons, including gum disease, infection, poor oral hygiene, or underlying health issues. Treatment for swollen gums depends on these causes, but here are some general steps you can take:

Maintain good oral hygiene:
Proper brushing and flossing help prevent and reduce swelling of the gums. Make sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss once a day.

Rinse with warm saline water:
Rinsing with warm salt water helps reduce gum swelling and promotes healing. Mix about half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water and rinse with it.

Use an antibacterial mouthwash:
Maintain oral health by using an antibacterial mouthwash, which will reduce gum swelling.

Avoid irritation:
Stay away from things that cause irritation, such as tobacco, spicy foods, and other irritants that exacerbate swollen gums.

Consult a dentist:
It is necessary to consult a dentist or periodontist for the treatment of swollen gums. They recommend professional cleaning, scaling and root canal treatment based on the underlying causes of your swollen gums.

In some cases, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics or other medications to treat infections or underlying conditions.

Manage underlying health issues:
If gum swelling is a symptom of an underlying health condition, such as diabetes, leukemia, or autoimmune disorders, managing this condition is also important.


When it comes to swollen gums, raising awareness is crucial. It’s a problem that forces most people to ignore it, creates a shocking situation, and has negative effects. In this article, we discussed the causes and treatment of swollen gums. Proper oral hygiene, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups, is essential to prevent and manage common and gum swelling. Adopt it and keep your gums healthy. If you have swollen gums, it is advisable to consult a dentist or periodontist for proper diagnosis and a personalized treatment plan.


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